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    Unobtrusive Student Collaboration during Lectures with Smartphones

    iUBICOM ’11: The 6th International Workshop on Ubiquitous and Collaborative Computing

    In conjunction with the 25th BCS Conference on Human Computer Interaction (HCI 2011)

    Northumbria University, Newcastle, 4 July 2011


    Mark Reilly and Haifeng Shen


    The lecture is still the primary teaching and learning form in university and will remain so due to its cost-effectiveness. However, student disengagement caused by the traditional didactic style of lecture - with its one-way information flow allowing little or no interaction – prevents some students from taking full advantage of this learning paradigm. Some work has been done to address this issue by re-designing lectures to incorporate more lecturerand-student interaction, but has yet to be widely adopted. In this paper, we present an approach to applying a student-centred collaborative learning pedagogy into the lecture environment through a novel real-time collaborative note-taking application GroupNotes which encourages students to proactively engage themselves by means of student-andstudent interaction on smartphones. Benefits of this small group interaction is reducing the feeling of isolation that students feel in large lecture theatres through a sense of belonging as well as the incentive to remain on task through peer pressure from within that group.


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